科学研究
20190821 The heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein?hnRNPM?inhibits RNA virus-triggered innate immunity by antagonizing RNA sensing of RIG-I-like receptors
发布时间:2019-08-22  来源:  阅读次数:

Cao, P., Luo, W.W.*, Li, C., Tong, Z., Zheng, Z.Q., Zhou, L., Xiong, Y., and Li, S.*(2019). The heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein hnRNPM inhibits RNA virus-triggered innate immunity by antagonizing RNA sensing of RIG-I-like receptors. PloS pathogens 15, e1007983.


Abstract


Recognition of viral RNA by the retinoic acid-inducible gene-I (RIG-I)-like receptors (RLRs), including RIG-I and MDA5, initiates innate antiviral responses. Although regulation of RLR-mediated signal transduction has been extensively investigated, how the recognition of viral RNA by RLRs is regulated remains enigmatic. In this study, we identified heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein M (hnRNPM) as a negative regulator of RLR-mediated signaling. Overexpression of hnRNPM markedly inhibited RNA virus-triggered innate immune responses. Conversely, hnRNPM-deficiency increased viral RNA-triggered innate immune responses and inhibited replication of RNA viruses. Viral infection caused translocation of hnRNPM from the nucleus to the cytoplasm. hnRNPM interacted with RIG-I and MDA5, and impaired the binding of the RLRs to viral RNA, leading to inhibition of innate antiviral response. Our findings suggest that hnRNPM acts as an important decoy for excessive innate antiviral immune response.


原文链接:https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31433824



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