科学研究
20200901 KAT5 acetylates cGAS to promote innate immune response to DNA virus
发布时间:2020-09-18  来源:  阅读次数:

Song, Z.M., Lin, H., Yi, X.M., Guo, W., Hu, M.M., and Shu, H.B. * (2020). KAT5 acetylates cGAS to promote innate immune response to DNA virus. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 117, 21568-21575.


Abstract

The DNA sensor cGMP-AMP synthase (cGAS) senses cytosolic microbial or self DNA to initiate a MITA/STING-dependent innate immune response. cGAS is regulated by various posttranslational modifications at its C-terminal catalytic domain. Whether and how its N-terminal unstructured domain is regulated by posttranslational modifications remain unknown. We identified the acetyltransferase KAT5 as a positive regulator of cGAS-mediated innate immune signaling. Overexpression of KAT5 potentiated viral-DNA-triggered transcription of downstream antiviral genes, whereas a KAT5 deficiency had the opposite effects. Mice with inactivated Kat5 exhibited lower levels of serum cytokines in response to DNA virus infection, higher viral titers in the brains, and more susceptibility to DNA-virus-induced death. Mechanistically, KAT5 catalyzed acetylation of cGAS at multiple lysine residues in its N-terminal domain, which promoted its DNA-binding ability. Our findings suggest that KAT5-mediated cGAS acetylation at its N terminus is important for efficient innate immune response to DNA virus.


原文链接见:

https://www.pnas.org/content/117/35/21568.long



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